In the autumn-winter season, the skin does not change for the better it becomes dry, inflamed and takes on an uneven color. We sort out why this is going on and how to fix it. Winter skin care!
During colder seasons, skin cells are exfoliated more slowly, leaving skin texture uneven. This leads to a retention of sebum (sebum) on the skin, an increase in the number of bacteria and, as a result, inflammation on the face.
Dryness and roughness of the skin in winter is caused by a violation of its water balance due to temperature changes being in a room with central heating, traveling by transport.
That is why in each of the seasons, including in the cold season, it is necessary to adjust skincare in the same way as you change your wardrobe every few months. Like clothing, skincare products need to be chosen carefully, with an understanding of their purpose and how they are to be used.
There are seven fundamental standards for winter healthy skin.
1. Use mild exfoliators
It’s coherent to accept that shedding your skin in winter can make it much drier. There truly is such a danger, yet this doesn’t imply that you should quit utilizing exfoliants in the virus season. Exfoliating the skin is important all year round – it helps to speed up skin regeneration and improves its absorption properties. In winter, you just need to use less harsh means. This will avoid irritation.
So, instead of a scrub with abrasive particles, use a gommage with spherical synthetic particles or an exfoliant cream containing AHA and BHA acids in a low concentration.
The frequency of using exfoliants depends on the type of skin:
- designed for dry skin – one time a week;
- for combination and oily skin – twice a week.
2. Use creams and serums with vitamin C
Vitamin C will help keep your skin glowing during the colder months. It brightens and strengthens the skin, stimulates collagen production (which helps the skin retain moisture better) and helps protect it from external aggressors.
What’s more, it also helps repair the damage. For example, during the summer months, the skin is exposed to harmful UV rays, which lead to photodamage and premature aging. Using vitamin C will help reverse this damage, maintain an even skin tone and texture, and enhance its natural glow.
When choosing products containing vitamin C, pay attention to the Ascorbic acid component in the first ten positions of the composition. Its presence guarantees the concentration of vitamin C, which will not irritate the skin (5-10%).
3. Provide your skin with constant hydration
In winter, add a serum containing high and low-molecular-weight hyaluronic acid, azulene and Asiatica Centella extract to your usual moisturizer. These components will not only be able to penetrate into the deep layers of the epidermis and nourish it with moisture, but also restore damaged areas of the skin.
When choosing a moisturizer, pay attention to texture. Fluids and emulsions are not suitable for the winter period – these light moisturizers are ideal for most skin types in the summer. When the air temperature is low and the central heating is working, you need to switch to cream. The denser texture will seal the moisture inside and act as a winter coat for the skin.
4. Change the texture of your face cleanser
If you used a gel-textured or foaming face cleanser in the summer, then as soon as the temperature starts to drop, you should change it to a cream gel or a product with a cream or oil formula.
In winter, the skin produces less sebum, which protects the upper layers of the epidermis from drying out. Therefore, gentle cleansing with milder products will help prevent excessive sebum removal and preserve the hydro-lipid protective mantle.
5. Adjust your problem skin care
For oily and acne-prone skin, reduce the amount of clay-based cleansing and mattifying masks in winter. Try moisturizing masks two to three times a week.
For extra hydration, you can use no-rinse moisturizing masks at night. For acne-prone skin, pay attention to the composition – it should be free of paraffin, mineral oil and shea butter.
You can still use creams, oils, balms and micellar water to remove makeup during the colder months. These products effectively remove makeup and deeply cleanse pores without disturbing the hydrolipidic oil balance.
6. Use SPF products even in cloudy weather
It is important that SPF is an integral part of winter skincare, as UV rays are active during this time of the year. In addition, solar radiation can penetrate through windows. Sunscreen should be applied daily to the face and other exposed skin areas such as the neck, ears, and hands.
7. Redefine your lip, hand and body care
In cold, uncomfortable weather, you so want to take a hot shower. However, hot water dries out the skin quickly, and if not moisturized immediately, it can develop flaking and cracking. Patients with chronic skin conditions such as eczema or atopic dermatitis are at risk of exacerbating their problems.
Take a warm shower with detergents that are oily or thick, creamy and do not foam. After showering, apply a moisturizing cream with hyaluronic acid, ceramides, wheat germ, vitamin A, urea, ceramides. This will maintain the moisture barrier and prevent dryness.
The skin on the hands has fewer sebaceous glands compared to the skin on any other part of the body. This is why moisture is quickly flushed out of your hands, increasing the risk of cracking and itching. In winter, be sure to apply moisturizer to your hands 30 minutes before leaving the house, and do not forget to wear gloves when outside.
To moisturize and retain moisture in the skin of your feet, choose creams based on glycerin and petroleum jelly. Also, exfoliate your feet from time to time. This will allow her to easily absorb the moisturizer.
The skin on the lips is thinner than on the rest of the face, making it more susceptible to the damaging effects of cold and wind. To replenish hydration and protect your skin, you need to wear lip balm not only during the day but also at night, when high temperatures in the room and even breathing through the mouth can aggravate dryness.