Types of Tyres and Their Uses: A Guide

Tyres are essential in all types of vehicles, and they are in control during acceleration, steering and braking. And although many types of tyres are available, not all offer the same performance; people pick tyres according to the conditions they drive. Besides, the tread of tyres wears out with regular use, becoming a safety hazard. Meanwhile, buying tyres online has become a common practice. And with online stores, people need not waste time driving to a physical store to buy a tyre. In the meantime, taking care of the tyres provides safety and comfort to people, and the tyres and tread need to be checked regularly to determine whether the tyres need a change.

What Do Tyres Do?

  • Tyres support the load carried by the vehicle.
  • Tyres absorb the shock while travelling.
  • Tyres enable acceleration and braking.
  • Tyres help the vehicle to turn.

Properties of Tyres

  • The tyres should have a good grip on the road to prevent skidding.
  • The tyres should not make much noise while driving.
  • The tyre must be able to withstand the load carried by the vehicle.
  • The tyre should wear out uniformly to eliminate issues of improper balance.
  • The tyre must have an excellent cushioning effect and absorb the shock when the vehicle moves on the road.

Parts of a Tyre

  • Belts
  • Tread
  • Grooves
  • Shoulder
  • Sidewall
  • Inner liner

Types of Tyres

Radial Tyres

Radial tyres have a series of steel belts running across the tread line. The belts are located directly underneath the tread, giving strength to the tyre and allowing the tread to function independently. As such, these tyres will enable the vehicle to consume less fuel and increase efficiency. In addition, the tyres have an enhanced grip on the road and offer better comfort at high speeds.

Tube Tyres

Tube tyres are the most commonly used type of tyres, and the tyre has a rubber tube filled with air at high pressure. The tread is a synthetic rubber, and the tyre beads are reinforced steel wires, while the beads provide firm support to the wheel rim.

Tubeless Tyres

Tubeless tyres don’t have a tube inside them, and instead, the tyre itself is filled with high-pressure air. Meanwhile, the construction and features of the tubeless tyre are similar to the tube tyre.

A non-return valve on the rim helps to supply air into the tyre. Besides, tubeless tyres are cooler and lighter than tube tyres. In this tyre, the air stays inside for a long time, even after a puncture.

Summer Tyres

Summer tyres work best when the temperature is above seven degrees Celsius. However, they perform well on wet and dry roads in warm temperatures. The tyres are made using a harder rubber compound with less natural rubber. And they adapt to higher temperatures without becoming soft. However, they offer a good grip on the road and increased stability in curves.

Winter Tyres

Winter tyres are made of natural rubber, which keeps them supple in cold weather. They perform better when they are at a temperature above seven degrees Celsius. Moreover, the tyres have numerous tiny grooves in their tread to disperse water, and they bite into the snow, ice and slush to provide optimal grip. They are also noisier than summer tyres and wear out quickly in warmer temperatures.

All-Season Tyres

All-season tyres are designed to manage all seasons and temperatures. The tyres are made by combining rigid rubber and tread compounds to increase efficiency. As a result, they are cost-effective and used throughout the year without the hassle of swapping tyres for every season. In addition, they provide good traction on water-logged roads and a good grip on dry and sand-covered roads.

Off-Road Tyres

Off-road tyres are designed with heavy-duty tread patterns and are puncture-resistant. However, they make more noise and are not suitable for all vehicles. Meanwhile, off-road tyres benefit SUVs, pickup trucks, crossovers and four-wheel drive vehicles. They are durable and provide excellent traction, and are designed to drive on rough and rigid terrains.

You can buy tyres online, and they are as good as the ones bought from physical stores. Meanwhile, every tyre is different, and people must research well to know about the tyre size and specifications before choosing one for their vehicle. As such, online tyre stores help people save time, and the tyres are delivered to the customer’s doorstep. In the meantime, changing tyres at the right time ensures a safe and comfortable ride.

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